A STUDY OF TREATMENT EFFECT WITH METARHIZIUM ANISOPLIAE AND FOUR TYPES OF DUSTS ON WHEAT GRAIN INFESTATION WITH RED FLOUR BEETLES (TRIBOLIUM CASTANEUM HERBS, COLEOPTERA: TENEBRIONIDAE)

Yacoub A Batta, Daoud I Abu Safieh

Abstract


The present study included treatments of stored wheat grains with four types of dusts alone or in combination with conidia of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae. A ratio of 1:4 (w/w of the fungus conidia to the dust carrier, respectively), and a rate of application of 2.0% (w/w of the dust carrier alone or the dust carrier + fungus conidia to wheat grains) were used during the treatments. Results obtained have shown that the treatments with combination of charcoal + fungal conidia, oven ash + fungal conidia, and chalk powder + fungal conidia caused significant higher percentage of Tribolium castaneum-adult mortality (73.3, 53.3, and 60.0%, respectively) compared to treatments with charcoal, oven ash, and chalk powder alone (13.3, 26.7, and 13.3% respectively). Significant reduction in the percentage of insect infestation rate on wheat grains was also obtained when treatments with the above-mentioned combinations were compared with the dust treatment alone. The least significant percent of infestation rate was thus obtained with oven ash + fungal conidia (0.5%) followed by charcoal + fungal conidia (1.2%) then, chalk powder + fungal conidia (2.0%). Moreover, significant longer durations of T. castaneum life-cycle were obtained after treatment with charcoal + fungal conidia (54.7 days) and chalk powder + fungal conidia (60.0 days) compared with treatments with charcoal and chalk powder alone (48.0 and 53.7 days, respectively). This demonstrates clearly the effect of treatment on retardation of the insect development by > 6 days. Further experiments under a wide range of temperature and relative humidity and on larger quantities of wheat grains are recommended to be carried out before applying the effective combinations of the fungus and dust carriers at a large scale for control of this insect.

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